Glossary F

Fast Market

The exchange declares trading in stocks or options to be in a "fast market" when transactions in the pit occur in such volume and with such rapidity that price reporters are behind in entering quotes. During this time, executing brokers are not held to any fills if a price is traded through on a limit order.

Fed Funds (Federal Funds)

The money a bank borrows from another to meet its overnight reserve requirements.

Federal Funds Rate

Set by the Federal Reserve Board, the Fed Funds Rate is the rate banks charge each other on overnight loans held the Federal Reserve Bank.

Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC)

A committee of the Federal Reserve Board which operates by buying and selling government securities in the open market. This buying and selling is how the Federal Reserve Board controls the U.S. money supply. The FOMC decides whether to change the discount rate or not.

Federal Reserve Board (FRB)

A seven-member board of governors of the Federal Reserve System, appointed by the U.S. President and confirmed by the Senate, that is responsible for monetary policy within the United States. It controls the supply of money and credit to try to control inflation and create a stable, growing economy.

Fill

The result of executing an order.

Fill Or Kill (FOK)

A type of order that is canceled unless it is executed completely within a designated time period, generally as soon as it is announced by the floor broker to the traders in the pit. Compare to all-or-none (AON).

Financial Industry Regulary Authority

Regulatory authority responsible for overseeing brokers and dealers in the securities business (changed its name from "NASD" in July 2007.)

Flat

Used to describe an account that has no open positions in stocks or options. Flat can also be regarding a position with little or no delta or gamma.

Float

Number of shares of publicly owned stock of a corporation that are available for public trading.

Floor

Physical location of an exchange where the buying and selling of stocks or options takes place.

Floor Broker

A member of an exchange who executes orders on the exchange floor for clearing members or their clients.

Floor Trader

A member of an exchange who trades only for his own or proprietary account. On the CBOE, they are known as "market makers".

Free Credit Balance

The amount of cash in a client’s account. Broker-Dealers are required to notify clients of their free credit balances at least quarterly, however, TD Ameritrade clients may access this information at any time.

Frozen Account

An account which requires cash in advance for a buy order to be executed or securities in hand before a sell order is executed. In most cases TD Ameritrade clients whose accounts are frozen will be restricted to closing transactions only.

Full Trading Authorization

An authorization, usually provided by a full power of attorney, which gives someone other than the client full trading privileges in the account.

Fundamental Research

Analysis of companies based on such factors as revenues, expenses, assets, debt level, earnings, products, management, and various financial ratios. As is relates to the economy, fundamental research includes analysis of gross national product, interest rates, unemployment, savings, etc.

Fundamentals

Factors that are used to analyze a company and its potential for success, such as earnings, revenues, cash flow, debt level, financial ratios, etc.

Fungibility

Interchangeability resulting from identical characteristics or value. Options on a stock with the same expiration date, type (call or put) and strike price as standardized by the Options Clearing Corporation (OCC) are fungible. Therefore, dual-listed options traded on the CBOE can be liquidated or closed on the AMEX.

Future(s) Contract

A forward contract for the future delivery of a financial instrument (ex. Treasury bond) or physical commodities (corn), traded on a futures exchange (ex. CBOT, CME).

Full Power of Attorney

A written authorization for someone other than the beneficial owner of an account to execute trades, make deposits or withdrawals in a client account.